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The World Wide Mezuzah Campaign. A project of the Baal Shem Tov Foundation - a 501c3 non-profit organization www.baalshemtov.com
 
 
Overview | Parchment | Writing | Dwelling | Affixing | Once Up
 
Laws of the Mezuzah: Overview
 
1. One of the 613

The Rabbis tell us that there are 613 commandments in the Torah. The commandment of putting up a Mezuzah is one of these 613. Therefore, when you put up a Mezuzah in your home, you have fulfilled one of the taryag (613) Mitzvot.

2. A Positive Commandment

The 613 commandments are divided into positive commandments, where a certain act must be performed, such as eating Matzah on Pesach, and negative commandments, where a certain act, such as stealing, is prohibited. The mitzvah of putting up a Mezuzah is one of the 248 positive commandments.

3. Scope

Certain commandments have limited scope, in terms of:

Time. Some Mitzvot apply only during the times when the Holy Temple in Jerusalem is standing, or only at certain times of the year.
 
Place. Some Mitzvot apply only in the land of Israel.
 
Person. Some Mitzvot apply only to males.

None of these restrictions apply to the Mitzvah of Mezuzah. Thus, the Mitzvah of Mezuzah applies at all times, in all places, to both men and women. Children too should be encouraged to take part.

4. Definition

Clearly, two distinct acts are involved in Mezuzah: 1. writing the Mezuzah; and 2. putting the Mezuzah up on your door. The Rabbis teach us that it is the second act, putting up the Mezuzah, through which one fulfills the Mitzvah of Mezuzah.
 
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